mi date una mano su quali libri di testo usare?
ps.approccio di riferimento psicoanalitico.
mi date una mano su quali libri di testo usare?
ps.approccio di riferimento psicoanalitico.
The role of the media in body image concerns among women: A meta-analysis of experimental and correlational studies.
Grabe, Shelly; Ward, L. Monique; Hyde, Janet Shibley; Psychological Bulletin, Vol 134(3), May 2008. pp. 460-476. [Journal Article] Abstract: Research suggests that exposure to mass media depicting the thin-ideal body may be linked to body image disturbance in women. This meta-analysis examined experimental and correlational studies testing the links between media exposure to women's body dissatisfaction, internalization of the thin ideal, and eating behaviors and beliefs with a sample of 77 studies that yielded 141 effect sizes. The mean effect sizes were small to moderate (ds = -.28, -.39, and -.30, respectively). Effects for some outcome variables were moderated by publication year and study design. The findings support the notion that exposure to media images depicting the thin-ideal body is related to body image concerns for women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)
Lifting the curtain on the Wizard of Oz: Biased voice-based impressions of speaker size.
Rendall, Drew; Vokey, John R.; Nemeth, Christie; Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol 33(5), Oct 2007. pp. 1208-1219. [Journal Article] Abstract: The consistent, but often wrong, impressions people form of the size of unseen speakers are not random but rather point to a consistent misattribution bias, one that the advertising, broadcasting, and entertainment industries also routinely exploit. The authors report 3 experiments examining the perceptual basis of this bias. The results indicate that, under controlled experimental conditions, listeners can make relative size distinctions between male speakers using reliable cues carried in voice formant frequencies (resonant frequencies, or timbre) but that this ability can be perturbed by discordant voice fundamental frequency (F-sub-0, or pitch) differences between speakers. The authors introduce 3 accounts for the perceptual pull that voice F-sub-0 can exert on our routine (mis)attributions of speaker size and consider the role that voice F-sub-0 plays in additional voice-based attributions that may or may not be reliable but that have clear size connotations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)
Beauty in the "I" of the Beholder: Effects of Idealized Media Portrayals on Implicit Self-Image.
By: Gurari, Inbal; Hetts, John J.; Strube, Michael J. Basic & Applied Social Psychology, Sep2006, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p273-282, 10p, 1 chart, 4 graphs Abstract: To explore whether implicit self-evaluations (ISEs) and explicit self-evaluations (ESEs) are differentially susceptible to influence, both were measured after exposure to images of beauty in magazine advertisements or to control advertisements containing no body images. As predicted, female participants' ESEs and body-images were unaffected by idealized images of beauty. However, exposure to such images (as compared to control ads) led to a reduction in the association between beauty and the 3 primed identities (self, in-group, and gender) as well as a reduction in the quantity of snack food consumed while awaiting completion of the study. Together, these findings support the hypothesis that women may not as easily correct for, or protect against, inappropriate social comparisons and other threats to the self on the implicit level, at least in the domain of attractiveness. Moreover, previous research suggesting small effects of advertising's portrayal of women may have underestimated such effects by relying primarily on explicit, self-report measures of body image. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1207/s15324834basp2803_6 (AN 22298066)
CAN THE MEDIA AFFECT US? SOCIAL COMPARISON, SELF-DISCREPANCY, AND THE THIN IDEAL.
By: Bessenoff, Gayle R.. Psychology of Women Quarterly, Sep2006, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p239-251, 13p, 3 charts, 2 diagrams Abstract: The current study explored body image self-discrepancy as moderator and social comparison as mediator in the effects on women from thin-ideal images in the media. Female undergraduates ( N= 112) with high and low body image self-discrepancy were exposed to advertisements either with thin women (thin ideal) or without thin women (neutral-advertisement control). Exposure to thin-ideal advertisements increased body dissatisfaction, negative mood, and levels of depression and lowered self-esteem. In addition, social comparison processes mediated the relationship between exposure to thin-ideal advertisements and negative self-directed effects. Notably, self-discrepancy moderated this mediation. Women with high levels of body image self-discrepancy were more likely to engage in social comparison from exposure to thin-ideal advertisements, as well as more likely to have those comparison processes induce self-directed negative consequences. This research provides support for an individual difference variable (body image self-discrepancy) that moderates the mediating effect of social comparison from exposure to thin-ideal media. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2006.00292.x (AN 21796437)
Exposure to Male Models in Advertisements Leads to a Decrease in Men's Body Satisfaction.
By: Baird, Amy L.; Grieve, Frederick G.. North American Journal of Psychology, 2006, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p115-121, 7p Abstract: This study was designed to examine the effect of exposure to male models in advertisements on men's body satisfaction. Participants were 173 college males that were recruited from introductory psychology courses. Participants were assessed using the Body Assessment (BA), Magazine Advertisement Questionnaire (MAQ), and one of two sets of magazine advertisements that consisted of either clothing or. cologne products, or those same products featured with a male model. Participants who viewed advertisements with male models showed an increase in body dissatisfaction, while those who viewed only products demonstrated no change in body dissatisfaction. The importance of this finding is that the body dissatisfaction experienced through exposure to idealized images of men in the media is only the beginning of possible outcomes such as anabolic steroid use, eating disorders, and muscle dysmorphia. Limitations and suggestions for continued research are discussed.. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 20451952)
Body Image and Self-Esteem Among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors.
By: Clay, Daniel; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Dittmar, Helga. Journal of Research on Adolescence (Blackwell Publishing Limited), Dec2005, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p451-477, 27p, 3 charts, 2 diagrams, 2 graphs Abstract: In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11–16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin or average-size magazine models lowered body satisfaction and, consequently, self-esteem. Self-esteem was also lower among older than among younger girls. Structural equation modeling showed that this age trend was partially accounted for by a corresponding downward trend in body satisfaction; this, in turn, was fully accounted for by upward age trends in awareness and internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, and in social comparison with media models. Results support calls for early educational interventions to help girls to deconstruct advertising and media images. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2005.00107.x (AN 18942738)
COGNITIVE RESPONSES TO IDEALIZED MEDIA IMAGES OF WOMEN: THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL COMPARISON AND CRITICAL PROCESSING TO BODY IMAGE DISTURBANCE IN COLLEGE WOMEN.
By: Engeln-Maddox, Renee. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, Dec2005, Vol. 24 Issue 8, p1114-1138, 25p Abstract: This study explored college women's cognitive processing of print advertisements featuring images of highly attractive female models. The relationship of counterarguing (critical processing) and social comparison in response to these images with a number of body image-related variables was examined. Participants were 202 undergraduate females. Research was conducted in two phases. In one phase, participants wrote their thoughts in response to three advertisements taken from recent women's magazines. In the second phase, women completed a number of self-report measures focusing on body image, along with a number of distracter measures. Results suggest that making negative outcome, upward social comparisons in response to such images is significantly associated with greater internalization of the thin ideal and decreased satisfaction with one's own appearance. Despite predictions that counterarguing might act as a protective factor, the tendency to generate counterarguments in response to these images was not related to appearance-related dissatisfaction, internalization of the media ideal, or importance of appearance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 19678857)
Per ora, questi.
Dott. Guglielmo Rottigni
Ordine Psicologi Lombardia n° 10126
hey grazie mille! gentilissimo!
se trovate qualcosina anche in italiano .. mi dareste una doppia mano!
allora? che mi dite?
ciao ragazzi! sapete suggerirmi qualcosa sull'immagine e la bellezza?