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  1. #1
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    Tesi Anoressia e Sessualità

    Ciao a tutti dovrei scrivere la tesi su Anoressia e Sessualità...qualcuno può darmi qualche consiglio??????????Help me!!!!!

  2. #2
    Postatore OGM L'avatar di willy61
    Data registrazione
    Albino (BG)
    Blog Entries

    Riferimento: Tesi Anoressia e Sessualità

    Puberty, sexual development and eating disorders in adolescent outpatients. By: Ruuska, Jaana; Kaltiala- Heino, Riittakerttu; Koivisto, Anna-Maija; Rantanen, Päivi. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2003, Vol. 12 Issue 5, p214-220, 7p Abstract: This study examined puberty and psychosexual state in a clinical sample of adolescents attending for assessment because of eating disorders (ED). A total of 57 adolescents (girls) aged 14-21 years (mean age 16.9 years) having either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN) were studied by semi-structured interviews and structured self-report questionnaires considering the timing of menarche dating and attitudes to sexuality. The age at menarche did not differ statistically significantly between AN and BN. It was significantly lower in the BN group than in the normal population. but no statistically significant difference was found between the AN group and normal population. The general attitudes to sexuality were more negative in the AN group than in the BN group. In the AN group, there were also fewer dating experiences and interest in dating than in the BN group. After controlling for the effect of age, age at menarche and duration of ED, negative attitudes to sexuality and no dating experiences were still best predicted by AN. The results suggest different ways of coping with the developmental challenges in sexuality in AN and BN during adolescence. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1007/s00787-003-0340-4 (AN 11431301)

    Anorexia Nervosa and Sexuality in Women: A Review. By: Ghizzani, Anna; Montomoli, Marcello. Journal of Sex Education & Therapy, 2000, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p80, 9p Abstract: Patients affected by anorexia nervosa (AN) have difficulties expressing themselves both emotionally and sexually. Relational problems seem to have a multifactorial origin similar in its complexity to that of the pervasive eating disorder. Endocrine disorders, neurological disease, and genetic factors may cause anorexia, but psychological factors are believed to play the prominent role. Data in the literature do not support the evidence of psychopathology associated with AN so severe as to warrant the primary diagnosis, but psychopathological traits are almost always present. Anorectic patients show repetitive behaviors and perfectionism, leading to rigidity and social introversion that may worsen the cohort of clinical symptoms of AN. Problems in maintaining interpersonal relationships are part of a generalized emotional disturbance, where inadequate sexual functioning and conservative attitudes are only additional elements. Most patients develop anorexia during adolescence. Those who became anorectic in adulthood report that their sexual functioning was normal before the illness. Therefore, most scientists believe that the altered balance of ovarian steroids and central nervous system neurotransmitters explains the lack of sexual interest. In fact, endocrine and neuroendocrine alterations can be found in depressed patients and are associated with loss of sex drive; in addition, according to some reports, these alterations seem to precede malnutrition, apparently assuming a causative role that is not yet explained. These findings support the hypothesis that difficulties in sexual functioning seen in AN patients have an origin as complex as that of the eating disorders. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 3492925)

    Women, Sex, and Food: A Review of Research on Eating Disorders and Sexuality. By: Wiederman, Michael W.. Journal of Sex Research, 1996, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p301-311, 11p Abstract: There has long been a proposed link between sexuality and eating disorders. However, the empirical research on the potential relationship between sexual functioning and disordered eating generally has been unfocused and of relatively poor quality. In the current article I review research on relationships between eating disorders (anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa) and sexual attitudes and experience among women, including the sexual functioning of women who have been treated for an eating disorder. After drawing some limited conclusions from past research, I discuss several potentially important mediating variables that may explain observed relationships between disordered eating and sexuality. These potential mediating variables include certain personality characteristics, negative body image, early familial experiences, and history of sexual trauma. I conclude with criticism of past research, and offer suggestions for future investigation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 9701223436)

    The sexual experience of women diagnosed with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. By: Wiederman, Michael W.; Pryor, Tamara; Morgan, C. Don. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Mar96, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p109-118, 10p, 3 charts Abstract: Women with bulimia nervosa generally have reported greater sexual activity and experience relative to women with anorexia nervosa. However, past research has been based on small samples and has not controlled for potential confounding variables or symptom severity. We further investigated sexual experience among women diagnosed with an eating disorder. After controlling for relevant covariates, bulimics were more likely than anorexics to have engaged in sexual intercourse. Masturbation experience, as well as self-ratings of current sexual satisfaction, were inversely related to degree of restriction of caloric intake, particularly among women with anorexia nervosa. When compared to anorexics, bulimics reported greater sexual interest and earlier age of first coitus. Coitus (sexual activity involving a partner) was related to eating disorder diagnosis independent of symptoms, whereas masturbation (self-focused sexual activity) was related to caloric restriction for the sample as a whole and anorexia nervosa patients in particular. These relationships between sexual experience and eating disorder symptoms and diagnosis may illuminate the personality features of women with anorexia nervosa versus bulimia nervosa as well as the functional role of caloric restriction. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 9712052103)

    Attitudes About Sexuality and Other Psychological Characteristics as Predictors of Follow-up Status in Anorexia Nervosa. By: Leon, Gloria R.; Lucas, Alexander R.; Ferdinand, Richard F.; Carolyn Mangelsdorf, Richard F.; Colligan, Robert C.. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Jul87, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p477-484, 8p Abstract: A group of patients with anorexia nervosa was evaluated with the same psychological measures at hospital admission and discharge and at shortterm followup. Negative attitudes at admission about sexuality, one’s body, personality, and social skills were predictive of negative attitudes at followup about these factors and a greater degree of overall personality disturbance at followup. The implications of these findings for the treatment of anorexia nervosa are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 12010445)

    ATTITUDES TOWARD WEIGHT, BODY IMAGE, EATING, MENSTRUATION, PREGNANCY, AND SEXUALITY IN 81 CASES OF ANOREXIA COMPARED WITH 288 NORMAL CONTROL SCHOOL GIRLS. By: Buvat-Herbaut, M.; Hebbinckuys, P.; Lemaire, A.; Buvat, J.. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Summer83, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p45-59, 15p Abstract: Eighty-one girls suffering from anorexia nervosa and 288 control school girls filled in a questionnaire including 48 questions to assess their weight and their height, how they perceived their body size and experienced their body, their eating behavior, and some attitudes toward menstruation, pregnancy, and sexuality. The answers of these two groups were compared using the chi-square test. Specific problems of weight, body size, and eating disorders were frequent in the control group, but they were significantly more frequent in the anorexia nervosa group. The difference was particularly significant for the following points: difficulties with perceiving their body size, overestimation of body size, fear of gaining weight, fear of having a normal weight, and guilt after food intake. The attitude toward menstruation and the desire to have children were the same in both groups. The proportion of girls in whom pregnancy and sexuality induced fear or disgust was significantly higher in the anorexia nervosa group, although these attitudes only concern a minority of the patients. This study confirms that the tendency to overestimate body size, the fear of gaining weight, and the conflict about eating are important mechanisms in anorexia nervosa. Moreover, this study shows that anorexia nervosa does not signify the rejection of a sexually attractive and menstruating female body in every case. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 12062781)

    Varieties of Psychosexual Experience in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa. By: Abraham, Suzanne; Beumont, P.J. V.. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Spring82, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p10-19, 10p Abstract: The psychosexual histories of 28 female patients suffering from anorexia nervosa were studied in the context of the eating disturbance. The histories revealed a wide spectrum of sexual activity and experience, but 4 fairly distinct groups could be discerned. Group 1 patients denied their sexuality, group 2 had slow psychosexual development and were lacking in confidence, group 3 were experienced but passive in their sexuality and group 4 were sexually active and assertive. There appeared to be an association between inclusion in these groups and certain clinical variables such as severity of emaciation, occurrence of bulimia and type of weight losing behaviour employed e.g. vomiting and purging as opposed to abstinence. Personality characteristics also influenced assignment to particular groups. In some patients, periods of weight loss appeared to provide a moratorium in respect to sexual challenges, while in others, the recurrence of disturbed patterns of eating were related directly to times of increased sexual activity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 11975417)

    What is worse for your sex life: Starving, being depressed, or a new baby? By: Carter, Frances A.; Carter, Janet D.; Luty, Suzanne E.; Jordan, Jennifer; McIntosh, Virginia V.W.; Bartram, Andrea F.; Mulder, Roger T.; McKenzie, Janice M.; Bulik, Cynthia M.. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Nov2007, Vol. 40 Issue 7, p664-667, 4p, 1 chart Abstract: Objective: To compare the current sexual functioning of women in an intimate relationship with anorexia nervosa, with major depression, and in the postpartum period. Method: Complete data were available for 76 women who reported being in an intimate relationship (anorexia = 10; depression = 24; postpartum = 42). Sexual functioning was assessed using the Social Adjustment Scale (Weissman and Bothwell, Arch Gen Psychiatry, 33, 1111–1115, 1976). Results: Significant differences were found among groups for the frequency of sex (p =.03) and problems with sex (p < .001), but not for enjoyment of sex (p = .55). In the previous 2 weeks, women with anorexia nervosa or major depression were more likely to have had sex than postpartum women, but were also more likely to have had sexual problems than postpartum women. Most women with anorexia nervosa, women with major depression, and postpartum women reported enjoying sex. Conclusion: Women with anorexia nervosa and women with major depression who are in an intimate relationship report a similar profile of current sexual functioning that is different from postpartum women both in the frequency of sexual encounters and in reported problems with sex. © 2007 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2007. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1002/eat.20394 (AN 26945057)

    Sexual Adjustment and Eating Disorders: Differences Between Typical and Atypical Anorexic Adolescent Females. By: Vaz-Leal, Francisco J.; Salcedo-Salcedo, María S.. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Jul92, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p11-19, 9p Abstract: The study of the sexual behavior of 42 anorexic female patients, with the classification of them as ‘typical’ or ‘atypical’, and the comparison with a control group, has demonstrated the existence of significant differences between two groups. In the present article such differences are expounded and their possible relation to the underlying psychopathological structure of each of the forms is discussed. In the authors' opinion, the results obtained confirm the clinical validity of the division between full-blown and atypical forms of anorexia nervosa. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 11931825)

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    Ordine Psicologi Lombardia n° 10126

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    Riferimento: Tesi Anoressia e Sessualità

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