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  1. #1
    Partecipante Figo L'avatar di Titty3
    Data registrazione
    03-01-2005
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    Veneto
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    907

    disturbi alimentari e specchio

    Ciao!
    Stò cercando del materiale (libri articoli spunti ecc) riguardo queste tematiche:
    il rapporto con lo specchio nei disturbi alimentari...(costruzione d'identità) sviluppo dell' identità corporea...
    la variazione forzata della condotta alimentare (x cura) in soggetti con disturbi alimentari ha implicazioni sulla loro identità?

    Avete qualche idea per aiutarmi?
    Mi son bloccata....
    La realtà non è ciò che ci accade, ma ciò che facciamo con quello che ci accade. A.Huxley

  2. #2
    Partecipante Figo L'avatar di Titty3
    Data registrazione
    03-01-2005
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    Veneto
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    907

    Riferimento: disturbi alimentari e specchio

    Sono sempre io...un po' arenata nel trovare un'ipotesi originale per la mia ricerca su questo argomento e la costruzione quindi di un questionario o un' intervista...
    avete qualche spunto da darmi?
    o avete tra le mani qualche modello di intervista o questionario su queste tematiche da farmi vedere?

    principalmente mi stavo concentrando su questo tema: ovvero sul come una percezione "distorta" del proprio corpo/aspetto possa causare disagio...come le persone affrontano questo disagio e se vi è o no una conseguente limitazione delle "attività" sociali.
    La realtà non è ciò che ci accade, ma ciò che facciamo con quello che ci accade. A.Huxley

  3. #3
    Postatore OGM L'avatar di willy61
    Data registrazione
    20-09-2004
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    Albino (BG)
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    4,192
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    281

    Riferimento: disturbi alimentari e specchio

    Mi viene in mente solo un titolo: "Il corpo come specchio del mondo", di Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel (Il corpo come specchio del mondo - Libro - Chasseguet Smirgel Janine - Editore Cortina Raffaello)
    che, sia pure solo in parte, tratta queste tematiche.

    Posso cercare qualcosa tra articoli e questionari, ma in inglese.

    Fammi sapere

    Buona vita

    Guglielmo
    Dott. Guglielmo Rottigni
    Ordine Psicologi Lombardia n° 10126

  4. #4
    Postatore OGM L'avatar di willy61
    Data registrazione
    20-09-2004
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    Albino (BG)
    Messaggi
    4,192
    Blog Entries
    281

    Riferimento: disturbi alimentari e specchio

    Potrebbero esserti utili questi articoli:

    Metacognition in Body Dysmorphic Disorder--A Preliminary Exploration. By: Cooper, Myra; Osman, Selen. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Summer2007, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p148-155, 8p Abstract: A preliminary exploration of metacognition in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) was undertaken. The study investigated how 18 patients with BDD controlled, corrected, regulated, and appraised their thinking, in relation to a mental image of their concerns with appearance. Verbal thoughts related to these concerns were also investigated. A semistructured interview was administered. Patients reported attempts to distract themselves from their (invariably distressing) images, which had few advantages and many disadvantages. Images increased self-consciousness and decreased self confidence. Some patients sought to counter their distress by recalling past positive memories. All patients made negative self-judgments as a result of having these images. They thought that they were unattractive, ugly, inferior, and worthless. Looking in the mirror was a common source of evidence for these judgments, together with reactions from others. Examination of the verbal thoughts produced similar findings. Some tentative implications are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 25142424)

    “He's Gotta Be Strong, and He's Gotta Be Fast, and He's Gotta Be Larger Than Life”: Investigating the Engendered Superhero Body. By: TAYLOR, AARON. Journal of Popular Culture, Apr2007, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p344-360, 17p; Abstract: The article discusses the conundrum of physical and mental prowess of comic book superheroes by examining two popular comic texts featuring the characters Superman, Batman and Wonder Woman. The nostalgic playfulness of the superhero comics of old has given way to a gritty realism. The article suggests that the superhero figures satirize the contemporary culture. The physical perfection resembles the fun house mirror. The progressive superhero body gives a glimpse of manifold corporeal possibilities as the ultimate paragons for the late twentieth-century cult of fitness. The article also highlights the negation of superheroes as hyperbolic reflections of a culture obsessed with fitness and the pursuit of idealized body. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5931.2007.00382.x (AN 24195723)

    Mirror exposure for the treatment of body image disturbance. By: Delinsky, Sherrie Selwyn; Wilson, G. Terence. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Mar2006, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p108-116, 9p Abstract: Objective Body image disturbance is a risk factor for the development and persistence of eating disorders. Limitations of current treatments for body image disturbance prompted the development of a mirror exposure (ME) treatment. Method ME involves deliberate, planned, and systematic exposure to body image. The approach is nonjudgmental, holistic in focus, and mindful of present emotional experience. Complementary behavioral assignments aim to reduce avoidance and excessive checking. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of ME therapy (in a three-session format) compared with a nondirective (ND) therapy for 45 women with extreme weight and shape concerns. Results ME resulted in significant improvements at termination and follow-up in body checking and avoidance, weight and shape concerns, body dissatisfaction, dieting, depression, and self-esteem. As hypothesized, ME was significantly better than ND on many of the outcome measures. Conclusion ME is an effective treatment for body image disturbance and should be evaluated in the context of treatments for eating disorders. © 2005 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1002/eat.20207 (AN 19443122)

    BODY-RELATED COGNITIONS IN BINGE-EATING DISORDER AND BULIMIA NERVOSA. By: Hilbert, Anja; Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, Jun2005, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p561-579, 19p, 3 charts Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate cognitive aspects of body image disturbance in binge-eating disorder and bulimia nervosa. In a sample of female volunteers, 30 women diagnosed with binge-eating disorder, 30 women with bulimia nervosa (DSM-IV), and 30 non-eating-disordered women were exposed to their physical appearance using a mirror exposure technique. Compared with the control group, both eating disorder groups reported more body-related negative cognitions. Furthermore, in the eating disorder groups, negative body-related cognitions occurred more frequently than positive or neutral cognitions. For women with bulimia nervosa, but not for women with binge-eating disorder, body-related cognitions were more present and showed a stronger negative reactivity than for non-eating-disordered women. In summary, results indicate a similar cognitive body image disturbance in bulimia nervosa and in binge-eating disorder. Results are discussed regarding the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria and modeling of maintaining factors in binge-eating disorder. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 17912463)

    Health clubs and body politics: aesthetics and the quest for physical capital. By: Frew, Matthew; McGillivray, David. Leisure Studies, Apr2005, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p161-175, 15p Abstract: At present, the western world wrestles with an obesity epidemic whilst, paradoxically, maintaining a fascination for the aesthetic ideal body. With the Scottish health and fitness industry providing the empirical backdrop, and drawing on the work of Bourdieu, this paper critically reflects upon processes of embodied production and consumption and the quest for physical capital and its referential symbolism. Using a range of qualitative methods across three case study facilities it is argued that as consumers seek to attain desired forms of physical capital, health and fitness clubs serve both to capitalize on and perpetuate cycles of embodied dissatisfaction. Although willingly subjecting their bodies to constant ocularcentric and objectifying processes, consumers are constantly reminded of their failure to attain the physical capital they desire. These processes not only mirror modern consumerism but also highlight a process of self-imposed domination. With external medical and media discourses exerting persistent pressure on the embodied state, desire for physical capital produces a self-legitimating and regulatory regime perpetrated upon the self within the internal environment of the health and fitness club. Therefore, as a venue for playing out aesthetic politics, health and fitness club spaces are anything but healthy as they oil the desire and dreamscape of physical capital, maintaining an aesthetic masochism and thus keeping the treadmills literally and economically turning. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1080/0261436042000300432 (AN 16295771)

    Seeing Oneself in the Mirror: Critical Reflections on the Visual Experience of the Reflected Self. By: Macke, Frank J.. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, Spring2005, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p21-43, 23p Abstract: Merleau-Ponty, in his well-known essay, "Eye and Mind," startlingly comments: "A Cartesian does not see himself in the mirror; he sees a dummy, an 'outside,' which, he has every reason to believe, other people see in the very same way but which, no more for himself than for others, is not a body in the flesh." This essay opens up a discourse on this very problem: the question of what one sees when looks at oneself in the mirror. As well, the now-common assumption that we have arrived at a postmodern condition of experience, knowledge, and interpretation comes into question when we consider the possibility that the human sciences have not sufficiently embraced a post-Cartesian perspective on mind, body, self, and vision. The essay closes with a reflection on the contact of the self and the other in vision. The self and the other are not "signs" that are "read" in the context of a perceptual field. Rather, the interpersonal world embodied through the vital flesh of self in communion with other is reflected to the eye only if the observer cares to take note, to imaginatively flesh-out the world embodied in the moment of a thoughtful glance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1163/1569162054390261 (AN 17551852)

    Body Size Estimation: Testing a New Mirror-Based Assessment Method. By: Farrell, Clare; Shafran, Roz; Fairburn, Christopher G.. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Jul2003, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p162-171, 10p, 1 chart, 2 graphs; Abstract: Presents information on a study which compared ecologically valid method of body size estimation with an existing, commonly used method. Insight on body image disturbance as a central concept in eating disorder psychopathology; Methodology of the study; Results and discussion. (AN 9985002)

    Body Image Treatment Within an Inpatient Program for Anorexia Nervosa: The Role of Mirror Exposure in the Desensitization Process. By: Key, Adrienne; George, C. Louise; Beattie, Desley; Stammers, Kate; Lacey, Hubert; Waller, Glenn. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Mar2002, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p185-190, 6p, 2 charts; Abstract: Presents a study that examined the role of mirror confrontation in the desensitization process of a body image treatment within an inpatient program for anorexia nervosa. Modification of intrusive thoughts and exploration of underlying assumptions; Exposure exercises to reduce body anxiety; Development of a sexual self and the relationship to body image. (AN 6284885)

    Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, Who's the Largest of Them All? The Features and Phenomenology of Muscle Dysmorphia. By: Olivardia, Roberto. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, Oct2001, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p254, 6p; Abstract: Reports on the psychopathological disorder known as body dysmorphic disorder. Definition of the psychiatric term body dismorphic disorder or muscle dysmorphia; Preoccupation of men to have a bigger and leaner body. (AN 10909830)

    Alice without a looking glass: blind people and body image. By: Kaplan-Myrth, Nili. Anthropology & Medicine, Dec2000, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p277-299, 23p Abstract: This paper is a study of blind people's 'body image'. Starting with the hypothesis that-without mirrors for visual surveillance-blind people's sense of their bodies and selves are 'embodied' (focused on corporeal experience rather than on appearance), this article examines what blind people know about their bodies, how they imagine their bodies, how their identities relate to their blindness, and how they experience their bodies. From interviews with 13 blind people in England (one adult woman, nine female adolescents, and three male adolescents), several conclusions are drawn about each of the above areas of enquiry (knowledge, self-image, identity, and experience). The most significant result to emerge is a refutation of the initial hypothesis: blind people are by and large quite concerned with their appearance (they are extremely self-conscious) and place very little emphasis on their corporeal experiences. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1080/13648470020011760 (AN 3954474)

    I Made a Picture of My Life—a Life from the Picture: The Life of the Body in the Pictures and Writings of Frida Kahlo. By: Siltala, Pirkko. International Forum of Psychoanalysis, Dec98, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p133-155, 23p, 4bw Abstract: Frida Kahlo was a Mexican artist (1907-1954). Altogether she painted almost 200 pictures, among them 55 self-portraits. Frida contracted polio at the age of six and her right leg was shrivelled. She began to paint at the age of 18 while recovering from a serious traffic accident, as a result of which she could never give birth to a living child. This was a painful and wounding experience for her. But Frida psychologically created an inner space, enlivening her womanhood, and remained artistically creative. She underwent over 30 operations and was bed-ridden for long periods of her life. Frida's pictures derive from her life as a woman. She created something new out of her archaic Mexican heritage. Space, time, the body, are entwined in many ways in Frida's life and art. It is in space and time that her life of the body expands its significance. The body imprisoned Frida in the imaginary, where there are no bonds and limits. The object of Frida's intense study was her own self. She painted self-portraits to be able to feel she existed. She built and created herself in painting. The bed-ridden Frida studied herself in mirrors like Narcissus in the water's surface—and became merged and separated. She lived literally in the tensions of life and death. Frida Kahlo's pictures are incarnated from life to life and become protective and supportive icons. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] DOI: 10.1080/080370698436808 (AN 4897904)

    DISTORTED BODY IMAGE IN NORMAL COLLEGE WOMEN: POSSIBLE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANOREXIA NERVOSA. By: Heilbrun Jr, Alfred B.; Friedberg, Lisa. Journal of Clinical Psychology, Jul90, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p398-401, 4p Abstract: College women (N=100) who averaged about 18 years of age were asked to rate the size of their bodies after looking in mirror, and these ratings were compared to their actual body sizes. Women whose personality characteristics more closely resembled those proposed as basic to anorexic development in Slade's model were more inclined to overestimate body size, but only if they were relatively thin. A motivational role for body-image overestimation was suggested wherein this distortion serves to maintain dieting behavior even when a thin body is attained. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 12010356)

    The Effect of Mirror Confrontation and Size Estimation Feedback on Perceptual Inaccuracy in Normal Females Who Overestimate Body Size. By: Goldsmith, Debra; Thompson, J. Kevin. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Jul89, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p437-444, 8p Abstract: Mirror confrontation and performance feedback regarding size estimation accuracy were used to treat size perception inaccuracy in college females previously found to overestimate body size. In comparison to contact-control subjects, who received a general health information discussion, experimental subjects' accuracy improved and changes were maintained at follow-up (2 weeks). However, accuracy scores for subsamples of both groups were equivalent at an extended follow-up (8 weeks). The results are discussed with regard to future-research and the implications for the treatment of eating disorders. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 12055877)

    Body Images in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. By: Huon, G. F.; Brown, L. B.. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Mar86, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p421-439, 19p Abstract: This study extends earlier research on body image disturbance in anorexia nervosa to the reactions of patients with bulimia nervosa. "Natural" procedures were employed, and normal comparison groups as well as those with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa used adjective scales to rate "the self," mirror images of themselves that were veridical, exaggerated for fatness or for thinness and adjusted to their ideal, and a television image they had adjusted to show how they feel and then how they think their body is. The different adjustments and ratings that were made in each condition question the validity of any single estimates of body size. Nevertheless, this multimethod approach to the cognitive and affective corn components of body image shows that those with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa consistently emphasize their feelings of fatness. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] (AN 12064179)

    Buona vita

    Guglielmo
    Dott. Guglielmo Rottigni
    Ordine Psicologi Lombardia n° 10126

  5. #5
    Partecipante Figo L'avatar di Titty3
    Data registrazione
    03-01-2005
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    907

    Riferimento: disturbi alimentari e specchio

    WoW gentilissimo!!! Dopo mi spulcio un po gli articoli..
    In realtà io ora devo produrre un'ipotesi di ricerca...scarseggio di ideazione e originalità sul tema!
    Speriamo che mi venga qualche spunto!
    Ancora grazie!
    La realtà non è ciò che ci accade, ma ciò che facciamo con quello che ci accade. A.Huxley

  6. #6
    Matricola L'avatar di provaciancoraransie
    Data registrazione
    20-10-2006
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    cagliari
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    22

    Riferimento: disturbi alimentari e specchio

    ciao... io devo sempre cercare del materiale sui disturbi alimentari, ma in relazione alla coppia, e in riferimento all'obesità... potreste aiutarmi? grazie
    Jackie

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